Welcome to 1st State Insulation – Delaware’s leading insulation contractor.
- Air Sealing
- Attic Venting
- Blow-In Insulation
- Crawl Space Insulation
- Foam Insulation
- Spray Foam Insulation
- Curtain Wall Containment
- Foam Insulation
- Stick Pin Application
- Sound Control
Thermax Total Wall System
- Building Insulation
Adding insulation in an existing home saves money and improves comfort
Unless your home was specially constructed for energy efficiency, you can probably reduce your energy bills by adding more insulation.
Many older homes have less insulation than homes built today, but even
adding insulation to a newer home can pay for itself within a few years.
To determine whether you should add insulation, you first need to
find out how much insulation you already have in your home and where it is. A qualified home energy auditor will include an insulation check as a routine part of a whole-house energy assessment. An energy assessment, also known as a home energy audit, will also help identify areas of your home that are in need of air sealing. (Before you insulate, you should make sure that your home is properly air sealed.)
If you don’t want an energy assessment, you need to find out the following for yourself:
- Where your home is, isn’t, and/or should be insulated.
- What type of insulation you have.
- The R-value and the thickness or depth (inches) of the insulation you have.
If you live in a newer house, you can probably get this information
from the builder. If you live in an older house, you’ll have to inspect
Inspecting and Evaluating Your Insulation
Check the attic, walls, and floors adjacent to an unheated space,
like a garage or basement. The structural elements are usually exposed
in these areas, which makes it easy to see what type of insulation you
have and to measure its depth or thickness (inches).
Inspect the exterior walls by using an electrical outlet:
1. Turn off the power to the outlet.
2. Remove the outlet cover and shine a flashlight into the crack
around the outlet box. You should be able to see if there is insulation
in the wall and possibly how thick it is.
3. Pull out a small amount of insulation if needed to help determine the type of insulation.
4. Check outlets on all floors as well as old and new parts of your
house. Just because you find insulation in one wall doesn’t mean that
it’s everywhere in the house.
- Inspect and measure the thickness (inches) of any insulation in
unfinished basement ceilings and walls, or above crawlspaces. If the
crawlspace isn’t ventilated, it may have insulation in the perimeter
wall. If your house is relatively new, it may have insulation outside
the basement or foundation walls. If so, the insulation in these spaces
won’t be visible. The builder or the original homeowner might be able to
tell you if exterior insulation was used.
- Once you’ve determined the type of insulation you have in these
areas and its thickness (inches), see the U.S. Department of Energy’s
online Insulation fact sheet to determine the R-values of insulation previously installed in your home.
Determining Recommended R-Values
When you find out the R-values of your insulation either from an energy assessment, the home builder, or your own inspection, you can then use the U.S. Department of Energy’s Zip Code Insulation Calculator to determine how much insulation you should add and where you should add it for maximum energy efficiency.
Estimating Costs and Payback
The Zip Code Insulation Calculator provides insulation cost estimates
and a rate of return on your investment. Also see our information on estimating the payback period of additional insulation.
Deciding What Type of Insulation to Add